What Is Developmentally Appropriate?
The report abstract reads as follow: A systematic search of the research literature from through July identified more than a thousand empirical studies of online learning. Analysts screened these studies to find those that a contrasted an online to a face-to-face condition, b measured student learning outcomes, c used a rigorous research design, and d provided adequate information to calculate an effect size.
As a result of this screening, 51 independent effects were identified that could be subjected to meta-analysis.
The meta-analysis found that, on average, students in online learning conditions performed better than those receiving face-to-face instruction. The difference between student outcomes for online and face-to-face classes--measured as the difference between treatment and control means, divided by the pooled standard deviation--was larger in those studies contrasting conditions that blended elements of online and face-to-face instruction with conditions taught entirely face-to-face.
Analysts noted that these blended conditions often included additional learning time and instructional elements not received by students in control conditions. This finding suggests that the positive effects associated with blended learning should not be attributed to the media, per se.
An unexpected finding was the small number of rigorous published studies contrasting online and face-to-face learning conditions for K—12 students. In light of this small corpus, caution is required in generalizing to the K—12 population because the results are derived for the most part from studies in other settings e.
Consequently, the report data are only relevant in the specific contexts of the studies analyzed.
In general, however, the report supports the notion that there seems to be evidence that it is the learning process that matters more than the technology tools used.
Additionally, the overall challenge remains that more studies must be done with a variety of student populations and also that we must continue to explore ways to evaluate learning within technology-rich learning environments. The report identified several key findings within the studies reviewed, which I will list here and discuss briefly before summarizing what I see as future trends for these kinds of studies.
The report summarized existing literature in the field and established the following: Students who took all or part of their class online performed better, on average, than those taking the same course through traditional face-to-face instruction; Instruction combining online and face-to-face elements had a larger advantage relative to purely face-to-face instruction than did purely online instruction; Studies in which learners in the online condition spent more time on task than students in the face-to-face condition found a greater benefit for online learning; Most of the variations in the way in which different studies implemented online learning did not affect student learning outcomes significantly; The effectiveness of online learning approaches appears quite broad across different content and learner types; and Effect sizes were larger for studies in which the online and face-to-face conditions varied in terms of curriculum materials and aspects of instructional approach in addition to the medium of instruction.Journal of Teaching Writing, February Richard L.
Graves, Sherry Swain, David Morse This article explores generative rhetoric, the practice of generating and adding new content in the form of modifiers to an existing sentence, and its use for improving the quality of writing in secondary schools.
A review of solution strategies by writing experts suggested that the following interventions were necessary to increase the writing process: establish the five stages of the writing process and use them effectively to create a final product; and create a writing environment in which students were given the opportunity to write to learn.
and writing papers Download Mendeley for free torosgazete.com Finding the right journal for your article can be key to reaching your target audience. UNDERSTANDING THE PUBLISHING PROCESS | HOW TO PUBLISH IN SCHOLARLY JOURNALS 7 Prepare your paper | 3 YOUR MANUSCRIPT.
and writing papers Download Mendeley for free torosgazete.com Finding the right journal for your article can be key to reaching your target audience. UNDERSTANDING THE PUBLISHING PROCESS | HOW TO PUBLISH IN SCHOLARLY JOURNALS 7 Prepare your paper | 3 YOUR MANUSCRIPT. Writing for Young Children Young Children is a peer-reviewed journal from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC). Published five times a year, each issue offers practical, research-based articles on timely topics of interest. Oct 02, · This short podcast describes how to write the journal article for the computational lab on the protonation of pyridine.
using graphic organizers to teach writing 4 This study intended to examine if using graphic organizers to teach writing will have an impact on first grade students .
Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, Vol. 4 No.
1, July , pp. 99 A PROCESS-GENRE APPROACH TO TEACHING WRITING REPORT TEXT TO SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. The Journal of Effective Teaching an online journal devoted to teaching excellence The Journal of Effective Teaching, Vol.
11, No. 2, ,